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SODIUM XYLENE SULFONATE (SODYUM KSİLEN SULFONAT)

Synonyms
SODIUM XYLENE SULFONATE; SODIUM XYLENE SULPHONATE; SODYUM KSİLEN SULFONAT; SODYUM KSİLEN SULPHONATE; SODYUM KSİLENE SULPHONATE; sodium xylene sulfonate; FT-0657395 benzenesulfonic acid; KSİLEN; KSİLEM SULFONAT; KSİLEN SULPHONAT; KSİLEN SULPHONATE; HİDROTROP; NANOTAKS; PENTOSAN SULFATE SODYUM; ELTESOL SXS30 ; Sodium xylene sulfonate; 3,4-dimethyl-; sodium salt; benzenesulfonic acid; 3,4-dimethyl-; sodium salt; benzenesulfonic acid; dimethyl-; sodium salt; conco SXS; cyclophil SXS30; dimethylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt; dimethylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt; eltesol SX 30; naxonate; sodium xylene sulfonate; G richonate; SXS; sodium 3,4-dimethylbenzenesulfonate; sodium xylenesulfonate; sodium xylenesulphonate sodium; 3,4-dimethylbenzenesulfonate; stepanate X; surco SXS; ultrawet 40SX; xylenesulfonic acid; sodium salt; Ammonium xylenesulfonate; Sodium xylenesulfonate; sodium dimethylbenzenesulfonate; NAXONATE SX; XYLENESULFONIC ACID,SODIUM SALT; NAXOLATE 4LS; NAXONATE 4L; NAXONATE 5L; SXS; Benzenesulfonic acid; dimethyl-; sodium salt; Dimethylbenzenesulfonic acid; sodium salt; Pentosan polysulfate sodium; Sodium xylenesulfonate; Benzenesulfonic acid, dimethyl-, sodium salt; Caswell No. 799A; CCRIS 4893; Conco SXS; sodium xylene sulfonate;Cyclophil sxs30; EC 215-090-9; EINECS 215-090-9; sodium xylene sulfonate;Eltesol SX 30; EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 079019; HSDB 776; Hydrotrope; Naxonate; Naxonate G; NCI-C55403; sodium xylene sulfonate; sodium xylene sulfonate;Richonate SXS; Sodium dimethylbenzenesulfonate; Sodium xylenesulfonate; Stepanate X; Surco SXS; Ultrawet 40SX; UNII-G4LZF950UR; Xylenesulfonic acid; sodium salt; SXS; surcosxs; naxonate; concosxs; naxonateg; sodium xylene sulfonate; stepanatex; sodium xylene sulfonate;nci-c55403; hydrotrope; eltesolsx30; NAXONATE 4L; Sodium sulfate; Antirust agent; T702 8-CHLOROADENOSINE-3',5'-CYCLIC MONOPHOSPHOROTHIOATE; sodium xylene sulfonate;RP-ISOMER; SODIUM SALT; Sodium 3-nitrobenzenesulphonate; ACID BLUE 40; sodium xylene sulfonate;REACTIVE BLACK; 5 ACID BLUE; sodium xylene sulfonate;25 COPPER PHTHALOCYANINE; TETRASULFONIC ACID; TETRASODIUM SALT; Sodium anthraquinone-2-sulfonate; sodium xylene sulfonate;ACID BLUE 41; UNIBLUE A SODIUM SALT; ANTHRAQUINONE-2,6-DISULFONIC ACID; DISODIUM SALT; sodium xylene sulfonate; Sodium xylenesulfonate; Sodium benzoate; 2-METHYL-2-PROPENE-1-SULFONIC ACID; SODIUM SALT; sSodium lignosulfonate; sodium xylene sulfonate;Sodium citrate; eltesolsx30; hydrotrope; naxonate; eltesol sx 30; hydrotrope; naxonate; naxonateg; nci-c55403; richonatesxs; stepanatex; surcosxs; sodium xylene sulfonate; sodyum ksilen sülfonat, solubilizer; eltesol sx 40; sodyum; ksilen; sülfonat; cas no : 1300-27-7; sodium xylene sulfonate;Benzenesulfonic acid; sodium xylene sulfonate; dimethyl-; sodium salt ( Benzensülfonik asit; dimetil sodyum tuzu; Dimethylbenzenesulfonate; ( Sodyum Dimetilbenzensülfonat ); sodium xylene sulfonate; sodyum ksilen sülfonat; solubilizer; eltesol sx 40; sodyum ksilen; sülfonat; cas no : 1300-27-7; Benzenesulfonic acid; dimethyl-; sodium salt ( Benzensülfonik asit; dimetil sodyum tuzu ); Sodium Dimethylbenzenesulfonat; ( Sodyum Dimetilbenzensülfonat ); NAXOLATE 4LS; NAXONATE 4L; NAXONATE 5L; NAXONATE SX; SODIUM XYLENESULFONATE; sodium dimethylbenzenesulfonate; SXS; XYLENESULFONIC ACID; SODIUM SALT; benzensülfonik asit; sodium xylene sulfonate; sodyum ksilen sülfonat; sodyumksilen sülfonat; sodyum ksilensülfonat; sodium; xylene; sodium xylene sulfonate; sulfonate; sulphonate; sodiumxylenesulfonate; sodium xylenesulfonate; sodiumxylene sulfonate; Ammonium xylenesulfonate; Sodium xylenesulfonate; sodium dimethylbenzenesulfonate; NAXONATE SX; XYLENESULFONIC ACID,SODIUM SALT; NAXOLATE 4LS; NAXONATE 4L; NAXONATE 5L; SXS; Benzenesulfonic acid; dimethyl-; sodium salt; Dimethylbenzenesulfonic acid; sodium salt;

 

 

Chemical Identity
Name: Sodium xylene sulfonate
Brand Names: Not applicable
Chemical name (IUPAC): Sodium dimethylbenzenesulfonate
CAS number(s): 1300-72-7
EC number: 215-090-9
Molecular formula: C8H9NaO3S
Uses and Applications
Sodium xylene sulfonate is used in liquid household detergents and shampoos, in degreasing compounds and printing pastes used in the textile industry. It is also a surfactant found in personal care products, primarily in shampoos, sodium xylene sulfonate because of its ability to serve as a claritant or wetting agent sodium xylene sulfonate that helps a formula spread more easily. Sodium xylene sulfonate is also used to extract pentosans and lignin in the paper industry, and as a glue additive in the leather sodium xylene sulfonate industryExposure, Hazard and Safety Assessment The following section describes possible exposure scenarios and hazards associated with sodium xylene sulfonate. The exposure sodium xylene sulfonate assessment describes both the amount of and the frequency with which a chemical substance reaches a person, a population of people, or the environment. Hazard refers to the inherent properties of a substance that make it capable of causing harm to human health or the environment. The safety assessment reports the possibility of a harmful event arising from exposure to a chemical or physical agent under specific conditions. Just because a substance may possess potentially harmful properties does not mean that it automatically poses a risk. It is not possible to make that determination without understanding the exposure. Human Health Effects Human Exposure Assessment Consumer: Sodium xylene sulfonate is used in liquid household detergents and shampoos. Therefore, consumer oral and dermal exposures could occur when using products that contain sodium xylene sulfonate in the product formulations. Worker: In industrial settings, sodium xylene sulfonate is manufactured and handled in closed processes as much as possible, which ensures that worker exposure is minimized. When there is potential for exposure, during loading, sodium xylene sulfonate unloading, sampling or during maintenance operations, exposure to sodium xylene sulfonate can be further sodium xylene sulfonate minimized by the proper use of personal protective equipment. Human Hazard Assessment Sodium xylene sulfonate is low for both acute and repeat dose toxicity. It can cause eye irritation but is not anticipated to result in skin irritation or sensitization. Sodium xylene sulfonate is not associated with reproductive sodium xylene sulfonate toxicity, genotoxicity/mutagenicity or carcinogenicity. Human Health Safety Assessment Consumer: Sodium xylene sulfonate is used in liquid household detergents and shampoos. Risk to human health following exposure is unlikely due to the low toxicity of this material. Direct contact with the eyes should be avoided. Worker: In industrial settings, sodium xylene sulfonate is manufactured and handled primarily in closed processes which limit exposure. Based on good manufacturing processes and industrial hygiene sodium xylene sulfonate, the occupational health risk associated with sodium xylene sulfonate is low. Environmental Effects Environmental Exposures Sodium xylene sulfonate is anticipated to be readily biodegradable and has low potential for bioaccumulation. Volatilization from water surfaces is not expected. Risk Management Recommendations Exposure to sodium xylene sulfonate in the workplace can be controlled by sufficient ventilation, proper handling and storage techniques, and the use of appropriate personal protective equipment as recommended in the SDS. A selection of occupational exposure limits are provided, below. • No occupational exposure limit identified. Sodium xylene sulfonate is used in liquid household detergents and shampoos, in degreasing compounds and printing pastes used in the textile industry in agents used to extract pentosans and lignin in the paper industry, and as a glue additive in the leather industry. When handled responsibly, sodium xylene sulfonate the potential for eye irritation can be minimized, allowing consumers and workers to use materials containing sodium xylene sulfonate safely. STEPANATE SXS is an anionic surfactant used in liquid detergent, heavy duty cleaning, wax stripping, dishwashing detergent formulations and textile applications. It functions as a solubilizer, coupling agent and cloud point depressant.
Sodium xylene sulfonate is a hydrotrope, an organic compound that increases the ability of water to dissolve other molecules. Sodium xylene sulfonate is a low hazard material and risk of adverse health effects associated with both occupational and consumer use of this chemical is anticipated to be low. Sodium Xylene Sulfonate is a surfactant found in personal care products, primarily in shampoos, because of its ability to serve as a claritant or wetting agent that helps a formula spread more easily and ensure efficient cleansing.. It is sodium xylene sulfonate classified as a hydrotrope, or an organic compound that increases the ability of water to dissolve other molecules. Because of Sodium Xylene Sulfonate's dissolving abilities, it is often added to shampoos as a thickening agent that helps suspend other ingredients, clearing out the cloudy look of a formula . 
Functions:Sodium Xylene Sulfonate is a surfactant found in personal care products, primarily in shampoos, because of its ability to serve as a claritant or wetting agent that helps a formula spread more easily and ensure efficient cleansing, according to Johnson& Johnson. It is classified as a hydrotrope, or an organic compound that increases the ability of water to dissolve other molecules. Because of Sodium Xylene Sulfonate's dissolving abilities, it is often added to shampoos as a thickening agent that helps suspend other ingredients, clearing out the cloudy look of a formula. 
Safety Measures/Side Effects:Sodium Xylene Sulfonate is considered a low hazard ingredient by the Cosmetics Database, which has mild concerns regarding organ system toxicity and skin and eye irritation. One or more animal studies sodium xylene sulfonate showed liver effects and skin irritation at high doses that are unlike those found in shampoos or other cleansing products.The MSDS for Sodium Xylene Sulfonate finds that it is "Hazardous in case of inhalation (lung irritant). Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, Non-corrosive for skin. Non-corrosive to the eyes. Non-corrosive for lungs." It notes that it is not carcinogenic or mutagenic.
Spolapon XS Na is a hydrotropic substance used as a coupling agent, viscosity modifier, solubilizer and cloud point and crystallization temperature depressant in liquid cleaning, washing and laundry detergents.Most commonly Spolapon sodium xylene sulfonate Na is used in heavy duty cleaners, wax strippers, dishwashing liquids, hard surface cleaners and metalworking cleaners.Hydrotropic properties of Spolapon XS Na are utilized for reducing the cloud point and crystallization temperature of complex blends. Solubilizing properties of the product can substitute function of a solvent in final formulations.Spolapon XS Na serves also as an anti-caking agent in the process of spray drying of detergents and many other industrial applications. A hydrotrope is a compound that solubilizes hydrophobic compounds in aqueous solutions by means other than micellar solubilization. Typically, hydrotropes consist of a hydrophilic part and a hydrophobic part (similar to surfactants), but the hydrophobic part is generally too small to cause spontaneous self-aggregation. Hydrotropes do not have a critical concentration above which self-aggregation spontaneously starts to occur (as found for micelle- and vesicle-forming surfactants, which have a critical micelle concentration (cmc) and a critical vesicle concentration (cvc)). Instead, some hydrotropes aggregate in a step-wise self-aggregation process, gradually increasing aggregation size. However, many hydrotropes do not seem to self-aggregate at all, unless a solubilizate has been added. Examples of hydrotropes include urea, tosylate, cumenesulfonate and xylenesulfonate.
The term hydrotropy was originally put forward by Carl Neuberg to describe the increase in the solubility of a solute by the addition of fairly high concentrations of alkali metal salts of various organic acids. However, the term has been used in the literature to designate non-micelle-forming substances, either liquids or solids, organic or inorganic, capable of solubilizing insoluble compounds.The chemical structure of sodium xylene sulfonate the conventional Neuberg's hydrotropic salts (proto-type, sodium benzoate) consists generally of two essential parts, an anionic group and a hydrophobic aromatic ring or ring system. The anionic group is involved in bringing about high aqueous solubility, sodium xylene sulfonate which is a prerequisite for a hydrotropic substance. The type of anion or metal ion appeared to have a minor effect on the phenomenon.[1] On the other hand, planarity of the hydrophobic part has been emphasized as an important factor in the mechanism of hydrotropic solubilization.To form a hydrotrope, an aromatic hydrocarbon solvent is sulfonated, creating an aromatic sulfonic acid. It is then neutralized with a base.Additives may either increase or decrease the solubility of sodium xylene sulfonate a solute in a given solvent. These salts that increase solubility are said to ‘salt in' the solute and those salts that decrease the solubility ‘salt out' the solute. The effect of an additive depends very much on the influence it has on the structure of water or its ability to compete with the solvent water molecules. A convenient quantitation of the effect of a solute additive on the solubility of another solute may be obtained by the Setschetow equation.Hydrotropes sodium xylene sulfonates are in use industrially and commercially in cleaning and personal care product formulations to allow more concentrated formulations of surfactants. About 29,000 metric tons are produced (i.e., manufactured and imported) annually in the US.[4] Annual production (plus importation) in Europe and Australia is approximately 17,000 and 1,100 metric tons, respectively.Common products containing a hydrotropes include laundry detergents, surface cleaners, dishwashing detergents, liquid soaps, shampoos and conditioners.They are coupling agents, sodium xylene sulfonate used at concentrations from 0.1-15% to stabilize the formula, modify viscosity and cloud-point, reduce phase separation in low temperatures, and limit foaming. Ammonium Cumenesulfonate, Ammonium Xylenesulfonate, Calcium Xylenesulfonate, Potassium Cumenesulfonate, Potassium Toluenesulfonate, Potassium Xylenesulfonate, Sodium Cumenesulfonate, Sodium Toluenesulfonate, and Sodium Xylenesulfonate are cleansing agents. The Xylenesulfonates and Toluenesulfonates are made from Xylenesulfonic Acid and Toluenesulfonic Acid.

 

Among these ingredients, Ammonium Xylenesulfonate and Sodium Xylenesulfonate are most likely to be found cosmetics and personal care products including shampoos, hair conditioners, soaps and detergents, and bath products. Sodium xylene sulfonate (or its ammonium cousin) are hydrotropes -- organic compounds that increase the ability of water to dissolve other molecules. Xylenesulfonates are used in detergents and shampoos in amounts of up to 10% of the product.They are surfactants, but they are usually added to thicken a mixture like shampoo, and to help keep some other ingredients in solution. This sodium xylene sulfonate makes the product clear or transparent, as the cloudy precipitates are put back into solution.

 

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