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Aluminium hydroxychloride; Alumınıum hydroxychlorıde; alumınıum hydroxychlorıde; alüminium hydroxychloride; ALUMINIUM HYDROXYCHLORIDE; ALÜMİNİUM HYDROXYCHLORİDE; alumınıum hydroksıklorıt; alüminium hydroksiklorit; alumınyum hıdroksıklorıt; alüminyum hidroksiklorit; Aluminium chlorhydroxide; alumınıum chlorhydroxıde; alüminium chlorhydroxide; alüminyum klorhıdrokside; alumınyum klorhıdroksıd; Aluminium chloride basic; ALUMINYUM CHLORIDE BASIC; alumınyum chlorıde basıc; alüminyum chloride basic; alumınyum klorıd basıc;  alüminyum klorid basic; alumınyum chloroydrol; alüminyum chlorohydrol; ALUMINYUM CHLOROHYDROL; alüminyum klorohidrol; alumınyum klorohıdrol; Aluminium chlorohydrol; polyalumınıum chlorıde; polyalüminium chloride; POLYALUMINIUM CHLORIDE; Polyaluminium chloride; ACH; ach


Aluminium chlorohydrate is a group of specific aluminium salts having the general formula AlnCl(3n-m)(OH)m. It is used in deodorants and antiperspirants and as a coagulant in water purification. In water purification, this compound is preferred in some cases because of its high charge, which makes it more effective at destabilizing and removing suspended materials than other aluminium salts such as aluminium sulfate, aluminium chloride and various forms of polyaluminium chloride and polyaluminium chlorisulfate, in which the aluminium structure results in a lower net charge than aluminium chlorohydrate.  Further, the high degree of neutralization of the HCl results in minimal impact on treated water pH when compared to other aluminium and iron salts. Aluminium chlorohydrate is best described as an inorganic polymer and as such is difficult to structurally characterise.  However, techniques such as gel permeation chromatography, X-ray crystallography and 27Al-NMR have been used in research by various groups including that of Nazar and Laden to show that the material is based on Al13 units with a Keggin ion structure and that this base unit then undergoes complex transformations to form larger poly-aluminium complexes. Aluminium chlorohydrate can be commercially manufactured by reacting aluminium with hydrochloric acid.  A number of aluminium-containing raw materials can be used, including aluminium metal, alumina trihydrate, aluminium chloride, aluminium sulfate and combinations of these.  The products can contain by-product salts, such as sodium/calcium/magnesium chloride or sulfate. Because of the explosion hazard related to hydrogen produced by the reaction of aluminium metal with hydrochloric acid, the most common industrial practice is to prepare a solution of aluminium chlorohydrate (ACH) by reacting aluminium hydroxide with hydrochloric acid.  The ACH product is reacted with aluminium ingots at 100 °C using steam in an open mixing tank. The Al to ACH ratio and the time of reaction allowed determines the polymer form of the PAC n to m ratio. Aluminium chlorohydrate is one of the most common active ingredients in commercial antiperspirants. The variation most commonly used in deodorants and antiperspirants is Al2Cl(OH)5. Aluminium chlorohydrate is also used as a coagulant in water and waste water treatment processes to remove dissolved organic matter and colloidal particles present in suspension. The Food and Drug Administration considers the use of aluminium chlorohydrate in antiperspirants to be safe and it is permitted in concentrations up to 25%

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